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Less than 1% of Indians seek medical attention for their condition for social, psychological, and financial reasons. Men in their early 30s are increasingly experiencing infertility issues, which lowers sperm levels.
Low sperm counts in men are defined as having less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Oligozoospermia is the term used to describe a low sperm count. Major factors affecting fertility include low sperm counts and problems with sperm quality.
A man’s sexual health may be affected if his sperm count is less than 20 million per milliliter, which is considered a normal level. Understanding the root causes of this issue is crucial for prevention, according to Dr. Sanjay Pandey, Director of Andrology & Reconstructive Urology at Kokilaben Hospital in Mumbai and Head of the Men’s Health Clinic.
Varicocele A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins that drain the testicle, which can have an adverse effect on the quality of the patient’s sperm.
Infections: Certain infections can have a negative impact on the health of sperm or the production of sperm, or they can lead to scarring that stops sperm from moving through the area. Inflammation of the testicles or epididymis as well as some sexually transmitted illnesses, such as HIV, are examples of these conditions.
Hormonal problems, including hormonal imbalances and changes in the thyroid and adrenal glands, can have an effect on the production of sperm.
Ejaculation problem–Sperm count can be affected by a variety of health issues, including retrograde ejaculation, insufficient ejaculation, or lack of ejaculation, as well as erectile dysfunction.
A person’s lifestyle choices, such as smoking or using alcohol or drugs, can have a negative impact on both the quality and quantity of their sperm. In addition, other aspects of one’s lifestyle, including being overweight, experiencing high levels of stress, or having a traumatic event, may also be linked to the creation of less sperm.
Routines for working out Participating in regular physical activity has several positive effects on health, including increasing testosterone levels and improving fertility. Alterations to one’s lifestyle, such as cutting back on alcohol use, giving up smoking, and maintaining healthy body weight, can all have a positive impact on sperm count and fertility.
Vitamin D has been shown to be beneficial for fertility in both men and women. This vitamin is yet another one that has the potential to increase testosterone levels. One observational study found that men who were deficient in vitamin D had a greater risk of having low testosterone levels than men who were not deficient in vitamin D.
The findings of this study were supported by a controlled study that involved sixty-five testosterone-deficient and vitamin D-deficient male participants.
After a year of ingesting 3,000 international units of vitamin D3 every day, their testosterone levels increased by roughly 25% on average. It has been suggested that higher levels of vitamin D are connected with increased sperm motility; however, the evidence for this association is mixed.
It has been demonstrated through scientific research that some meals, including those rich in antioxidants such as vitamin C, can have an effect on the quality of sperm. Eating foods that are rich in antioxidants has been shown in clinical studies to increase the health of sperm, namely the concentration and motility of sperm.
There are other medical procedures that can help, such as a penile implant, which involves surgically inserting a pair of flexible silicone cylinders into the erection chambers of the penis.
These implants may take the form of solid rods that are bendable or three-piece inflatable devices that, once in place, give the patient a more natural feel and experience. Because of these procedures, a man’s capacity to get and maintain an erection can be improved, which contributes to a healthy sexual life.